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Some definitions


Tabbed cities
The cities that have a tab on the map (top right) are considered major cities in Canada, as defined by Statistics Canada, including capitals. These tabbed cities use boundaries defined by the municipalities themselves. The cities often comprise a number of communities, so the only way to get a scorecard for the city (e.g. Ottawa) is to click on the city while viewing the province tab.


Health regions

Statistics Canada defines a health region as a geographic unit defined by the provincial ministries of health. Health regions are legislated administrative areas in all provinces. The health regions being displayed follow the 2005 variant classification.


Literacy levels
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) defines the following five levels of literacy:

  • Level 1—Very poor literacy skills. An individual at this level may, for example, be unable to determine from a package label the correct amount of medicine to give a child.

  • Level 2—A capacity to deal only with simple, clear material involving uncomplicated tasks. People at this level may develop everyday coping skills, but their poor literacy makes it hard to conquer challenges such as learning new job skills.

  • Level 3—Adequate to cope with the demands of everyday life and work in an advanced society. It roughly denotes the skill level required for successful high-school completion and college entry.

  • Levels 4 and 5—Strong skills. An individual at these levels can process information of a complex and demanding nature.